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The Homework Debate

Is Homework Good for Kids? Here's What the Research Says Is Homework Good for Kids? Here's What the Research Says
As kids return to school, debate is heating up once again over how they should spend their time after they leave the classroom for the day. The no-homework policy of a second-grade teacher in ...

The Homework Debate

A number of synthesis studies have been conducted on homework, spanning a broad range of methodologies and levels of specificity (see fig. Louis, supports the 10-minute rule as a maximum, but she thinks there is not sufficient proof that homework is helpful for students in elementary school. Interactive homework in middle school effects on family involvement and science achievement.

If you take the right amount, youll get better. The ensuing pressure to be competitive on a global scale, plus the increasingly demanding college admissions process, fueled the practice of assigning homework. Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, 19872003.

The study found that students abroad are required to work on demanding subject matter at least twice as long as are u. Second graders, for example, should do about 20 minutes of homework each night. Note this figure describes the eight major research syntheses on the effects of homework published from 1983 to 2006 that provide the basis for the analysis in this article.

Design homework to maximize the chances that students will complete it. The noted that the launch of sputnik in 1957 led to a push for better math and science education in the u. We want them to go to soccer practice or football practice, and we want them to go to bed.

Instead, they should improve its instructional quality. The authors focused particularly on the harm to economically disadvantaged students, who are unintentionally penalized because their environments often make it almost impossible to complete assignments at home. School-based home instruction and learning a quantitative synthesis.

Commenting on studies that attempted to examine the causal relationship between homework and student achievement by comparing experimental (homework) and control (no homework) groups, cooper, robinson, and patall (2006) noted, with only rare exceptions, the relationship between the amount of homework students do and their achievement outcomes was found to be positive and statistically significant. Feeling better a comparison of medical research and education research. United states academically, such as japan, germany, and france. The effects of homework on learning a quantitative synthesis. In (2007), cooper noted that homework should have different purposes at different grade levels , it should foster positive attitudes, habits, and character traits permit appropriate parent involvement and reinforce learning of simple skills introduced in class.


The Case For and Against Homework - Educational Leadership


Homework has been a perennial topic of debate in education, and attitudes toward it have been cyclical (Gill & Schlossman, 2000). Throughout the first few decades of the 20th century, educators commonly believed that homework helped create disciplined minds.

The Homework Debate

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The Homework Debate For example, ensure that homework is at the appropriate level of difficulty. This is the nature of researchit errs on the side of assuming that something does not work until substantial evidence establishes that it does. Educators can develop the most effective practices by observing changes in the achievement of the students with whom they work every day. Even so, cooper (1989b) still recommended homework for elementary students because homework for young children should help them develop good study habits, foster positive attitudes toward school, and communicate to students the idea that learning takes work at home as well as at school. In his early meta-analysis, cooper (1989a) reported the following effect sizes (p, A new york city public elementary school implemented a similar policy last year, eliminating traditional homework assignments in favor of family time. For example, referring to harris cooper, the lead author of the two leading meta-analyses on homework, kohn noted, a careful reading of coopers own studies. Design homework to maximize the chances that students will complete it.
  • 5 Reasons Kids Need Homework and 5 Reasons They Don't


    The cooper, robinson, and patall (2006) study reported similar findings 7 to 12 hours of homework per week produced the largest effect size for 12th grade students. Kohns allegations that researchers are trying to mislead practitioners and the general public are unfounded and detract from a useful debate on effective practice. According to kohn, teachers should only assign homework when they can justify that the assignments are beneficial (2006a, p. Teachers reported practices of parent involvement problems and possibilities. Such assignments cause students and their parents or other family members to become engaged in conversations that relate to the academic curriculum and thus extend the students learning.

    The national pta and the national education association both support that guideline. The case against homework how homework is hurting our children and what we can do about it. The serious medical journals convey the sense that medical research is an ongoing conversation and quest, punctuated occasionally by important findings that can and should alter practice, but more often characterized by continuing investigations. Design homework to maximize the chances that students will complete it. Synthesis of educational productivity research special issue.

    Yet repeated visits to the medical journals themselves can leave a much different impression. The researchers suggested that for 12th graders the optimum amount of homework might lie between 1. The cooper synthesis (1989a) reported that for junior high school students, the benefits increased as time increased, up to 1 to 2 hours of homework a night, and then decreased. The change was quickly met with outrage from some parents, though it earned support from other education leaders. Note this figure describes the eight major research syntheses on the effects of homework published from 1983 to 2006 that provide the basis for the analysis in this article. Parental involvement in homework a double-edge sword. The case against homework how homework is hurting our children and what we can do about it bloom, b. The end of homework how homework disrupts families, overburdens children, and limits learning by kralovec and buell (2000), considered by many to be the first high-profile attack on homework, asserted that homework contributes to a corporate-style, competitive u. Figure 1 reports only those results from experimentalcontrol comparisons for these two studies. Kohns views on homework, see marzano & pickering (2007) and marzano & pickering (in press).

    The benefits of homework has been debated by teachers and parents for years as the very word evokes very negative connotations to every involved, students, parents and teachers. Although many people think of homework as doing more harm than good by causing copious amounts of unnecessary stress to ...

    Should Schools Be Done With Homework? - NEA Today

    Across the country, parents, teachers, and students are also voicing their opinions in the homework debate. On the issue of the actual educational value of homework, it may seem straightforward to many educators that reviewing lessons and practicing concepts after school would correlate to a greater retention of course material, but studies suggest that the link between assigned homework and ...
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    But the question of how much work children should be doing outside of school remains controversial, and plenty of parents take issue with no-homework policies, worried their kids are losing a potential academic advantage. The change was quickly met with outrage from some parents, though it earned support from other education leaders. Teachers reported practices of parent involvement problems and possibilities. Second graders, for example, should do about 20 minutes of homework each night. The authors focused particularly on the harm to economically disadvantaged students, who are unintentionally penalized because their environments often make it almost impossible to complete assignments at home Buy now The Homework Debate

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    Good and brophy (2003) provided the following recommendations regarding parent involvement especially useful for parent-child relations purposes are assignments calling for students to show or explain their written work or other products completed at school to their parents and get their reactions (epstein, 2001 epstein, simon, & salinas, 1997) or to interview their parents to develop information about parental experiences or opinions relating to topics studied in social studies (alleman & brophy, 1998). One of the more contentious issues in the homework debate is the amount of time students should spend on homework. Brandy young told parents she would not formally assign any homework this year, asking students instead to eat dinner with their families, play outside and go to bed early The Homework Debate Buy now

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    As kids return to school, debate is heating up once again over how they should spend their time after they leave the classroom for the day. A new york city public elementary school implemented a similar policy last year, eliminating traditional homework assignments in favor of family time. Parents ask questions that help students clarify and summarize what they have learned. Interactive homework in middle school effects on family involvement and science achievement. In this book and in a recent article in (2006b), he became quite personal in his condemnation of researchers.

    Despite the weak correlation between homework and performance for young children, cooper argues that a small amount of homework is useful for all students Buy The Homework Debate at a discount

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    Kohn took direct aim at the research on homework. Education commission on time and learning, 1994, p. Finally, kohn urged teachers to involve students in deciding what homework, and how much, they should do. One of the more contentious issues in the homework debate is the amount of time students should spend on homework. Although teachers across the k12 spectrum commonly assign homework, research has produced no clear-cut consensus on the benefits of homework at the early elementary grade levels.

    For example, good and brophy (2003) cautioned that teachers must take care not to assign too much homework. Kohn concluded that research fails to demonstrate homeworks effectiveness as an instructional tool and recommended changing the default state from an expectation that homework be assigned Buy Online The Homework Debate

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    We want their brain to be tired, kelly elementary school principal jackie glasheen said in an. Carefully monitor the amount of homework assigned so that it is appropriate to students age levels and does not take too much time away from other home activities. At the end of his analysis, cooper recommended further study of such potential effects of homework. Homework is typically defined as any tasks assigned to students by school teachers that are meant to be carried out during nonschool hours (cooper, 1989a, p. She commented, when reported in the popular media, medical research often appears as a blunt instrument, able to obliterate skeptics or opponents by the force of its evidence and arguments Buy The Homework Debate Online at a discount

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    By 1940, growing concern that homework interfered with other home activities sparked a reaction against it. For example, it makes good sense to only assign homework that is beneficial to student learning instead of assigning homework as a matter of policy. Arguments against homework are becoming louder and more popular, as evidenced by several recent books as well as an editorial in magazine (wallis, 2006) that presented these arguments as truth without much discussion of alternative perspectives. Despite the weak correlation between homework and performance for young children, cooper argues that a small amount of homework is useful for all students. Parents ask questions that help students clarify and summarize what they have learned The Homework Debate For Sale

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    For example, it makes good sense to only assign homework that is beneficial to student learning instead of assigning homework as a matter of policy. School-based home instruction and learning a quantitative synthesis. Abusing research the study of homework and other examples. At the end of his analysis, cooper recommended further study of such potential effects of homework. Carefully monitor the amount of homework assigned so that it is appropriate to students age levels and does not take too much time away from other home activities.

    In addition, research in a specific area, such as homework, sometimes contradicts research in related areas. Synthesis of educational productivity research special issue For Sale The Homework Debate

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    The cooper, robinson, and patall (2006) study reported similar findings 7 to 12 hours of homework per week produced the largest effect size for 12th grade students. Involve parents in appropriate ways (for example, as a sounding board to help students summarize what they learned from the homework) without requiring parents to act as teachers or to police students homework completion. The case against homework how homework is hurting our children and what we can do about it bloom, b. Brandy young told parents she would not formally assign any homework this year, asking students instead to eat dinner with their families, play outside and go to bed early. For example, good and brophy (2003) cautioned that teachers must take care not to assign too much homework Sale The Homework Debate

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